Aspek Klinis dan Diagnosis Kandidiasis Vulvovaginal

Nora Harminarti


Candidiasis vulvovaginal is an infection of the vaginal and vulva area caused by yeast Candida. The most causative species is Candida albicans. This fungus is commensal in the vagina but it can become a pathogen, causing the infection under certain conditions. Several conditions can be risk factors for this infection. Women are mostly getting infections, especially of productive age. Complaints experienced cause disturbances in the form of itching accompanied by abnormal vaginal discharge. The clinician can make diagnostics based on anamnesis, clinical and microscopic examination. This paper provides information about the causes, risk factors, clinical symptoms, and laboratory testing.


vaginal discharge, yeast, infection

Full Text:



Gonçalves B, Ferreira C, Alves CT, Henriques M, Azeredo J, Silva S. Vulvovaginal candidiasis: Epidemiology, microbiology and risk factors. Crit Rev Microbiol. 2016;42(6):905–27.

Rosati D, Bruno M, Jaeger M, Ten Oever J, Netea MG. Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis: An immunological perspective. Microorganisms. 2020;8(2):1–14.

Chatzivasileiou P, Vyzantiadis TA. Vaginal yeast colonisation: From a potential harmless condition to clinical implications and management approaches—A literature review. Mycoses. 2019;62(8):638–50.

Zeng X, Zhang Y, Zhang T, Xue Y, Xu H, An R. Risk factors of vulvovaginal candidiasis among women of reproductive age in Xi’an: A cross-sectional study. Biomed Res Int. 2018;2018.

M Lema V. Recurrent vulvo-caginal candidiasis: Diagnostic and management challenges in a developing country context. Obstet Gynecol Int J. 2017;7(5).

ACOG. Clinical management guidelines for obstetrician – gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol. 2020;135(1):e1–17.

Rao VL, Mahmood T. Vaginal discharge. Obstet Gynaecol Reprod Med [Internet]. 2020;30(1):11–8. Available from:

Amabebe E, Anumba DOC. The vaginal microenvironment: The physiologic role of Lactobacilli. Front Med. 2018;5(JUN):1–11.

Miller EA, Beasley DAE, Dunn RR, Archie EA. Lactobacilli dominance and vaginal pH: Why is the human vaginal microbiome unique? Front Microbiol. 2016;7(DEC):1–13.

Venugopal D, Husain K, Mustafa SA, Sabeen S. Epidemiology, risk factors and antimicrobial profile of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC): A study among women in the central region of Saudi Arabia. J Med Mycol [Internet]. 2020;1–4. Available from:

Aguin TJ, Sobel JD. Vulvovaginal candidiasis in pregnancy. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2015;17(6):15–20.

Cauchie M, Desmet S, Lagrou K. Candida and its dual lifestyle as a commensal and a pathogen. Res Microbiol [Internet]. 2017;168(9–10):802–10. Available from:

Shukla A, Sobel JD. Vulvovaginitis caused by candida species following antibiotic exposure. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2019;21(11).

Yano J, Sobel JD, Nyirjesy P, Sobel R, Williams VL, Yu Q, et al. Current patient perspectives of vulvovaginal candidiasis: Incidence, symptoms, management and post-treatment outcomes. BMC Womens Health. 2019;19(1):1–9.

Cymerman RM, Kaplan Hoffmann R, Rouhani Schaffer P, Pomeranz MK. Vulvar infections: beyond sexually transmitted infections. Int J Dermatol. 2017;56(4):361–9.

Paladine HL, Desai UA. Vaginitis : Diagnosis and treatment. am fam physician. 2018;97(5):321–30.

CDC. Details - Public Health Image Library(PHIL) [Internet]. CDC Organization. 2020. (accsessed on : 03 Februari 2021). Available from:


  • There are currently no refbacks.